Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is an extremely painful condition that causes extreme facial pain. The areas affected are in a distribution of the trigeminal nerve (nose, lips, eyes, ear, scalp, forehead, upper lower jaw, and even the tongue). Pain may be triggered by the normal daily events such as brushing teeth, shaving, apply makeup, or feeling a cool breeze on one’s face. Some individual may even experience increased salivation. Usually, it affects one side of the face. The intensity and frequency of pain increase over time. TN can have a profound psychological effect and cause depression and anxiety.
Types of Trigeminal Neuralgia
Generally, Trigeminal neuralgia is divided into two types: Type 1 and Type 2. There is no agreed-upon classification for two types, but the following are characteristics of each type:
Type 1 (TN1): Also known as classic trigeminal neuralgia. TN1 is characterized by periods of intense, stabbing pain. The intensity of pain can severe to the point of being debilitating. The location is usually near the mouth and cheek area.
Type 2 (TN2): This type is usually characterized as being less painful but also a dull or aching sensation.
It is not known why some individuals will get one type TN over the other. Both types of TN can affect a single individual
Common medical treatments for TN are medication and surgery. The typical drugs used to treat this disorder are anti-seizure drugs, such as oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), lamotrigine (Lamictal) and phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek). As with any medication, the effectiveness is often reduced over time. There can also be many other side effects.
For many TN patient, the last resort is surgery. The objective of this surgery to stop the part of the trigeminal nerve from sending a pain signal. The results of this type of procedure often result in facial numbness of the affected area. The success rate is of surgery is only around
How upper cervical care can help
Irritation TN comes from the central nervous system in the upper neck and brain stem. Any injury to this head, neck, and upper back can disrupt these nerve pathways causing TN. Since each case is different, facial pain can occur immediately or take months to years to develop.
In our office, we have the education and training to located and correct injuries to the neck. Through a specific and gentle adjustment, these such injuries can be corrected. When the spine is in alignment, it allows the brain to communicate with the body which allows healing. If you are anyone you know is need of help with this condition, give us a call to schedule a consultation at (626) 403-3000.